Description Usage Supplement Facts Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) contains two forms – designated as R-lipoic acid (R-ALA) and S-lipoic acid (S-ALA) – that are mirror images of each other. Naturally occurring ALA is in the R form, where it functions as an essential cofactor for many enzymes involved in energy production.* In addition, R-lipoic acid has important characteristics – significant antioxidant effects in particular – that contribute to liver, nerve, and eye health.* Dietary supplements of ALA are generally comprised either of R-ALA by itself or a mixture of R-ALA and S-ALA. Studies indicate the R-ALA form appears to be better absorbed, with twice as much R-ALA than S-ALA appearing in the bloodstream after an oral dose.* Hence, R-ALA is the best form utilized by the body.* Thorne provides R-lipoic acid bound to sodium – the most bioavailable form of R-lipoic acid.* supports healthy nerve and brain function* versatile antioxidant in both water- and fat-soluble tissues* promotes liver and eye health* the form of supplemental lipoic acid found in highest concentration in the bloodstream *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Suggested Use Take 1 capsule one to two times daily or as recommended by a health-care practitioner. Warning: If you are pregnant, nursing, or taking medication, please consult your healthcare professional before using this product. Keep out of the reach of children. Safety-sealed for your protection and for product freshness. Do not use if outer seal is missing or broken. Store in cool, dry place. SUPPLEMENT FACTS Serving size: 1 capsuleServings per container: 60 Ingredients Amount %DV R-Lipoic Acid (as Sodium R-Lipoic Acid)** 100 mg † Other Ingredients: Hypromellose (derived from cellulose) capsule, Microcrystalline Cellulose, MagnesiumCitrateLaurate, Silicon Dioxide, Leucine. † Daily Value not established **This product uses GeroNova Research's Bio-Enhanced® R-Lipoic Acid. Bio-Enhanced is a registered trademark of GeroNova Research, Inc.