Description Usage Supplement Facts Willow bark has a long history of traditional use for reducing minor pain. Several randomized human trials illustrate its ability to do so primarily through the actions of salicin, a source of salicylic acid. Additionally, it helps to maintain healthy prostaglandin metabolism and blood flow. Boswellia serrata has also revealed the potential to provide statistically significant support for reducing mild pain. AKBA, or 3-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid, may be particularly supportive in maintaining healthy 5-lipoxygenase enzyme activity and leukotriene metabolism to maintain tissue comfort. Curcumin maintains healthy cyclooxygenase-2 enzyme activity while supporting healthy prostaglandin, leukotriene and thromboxane metabolism. Devil's claw promotes both healthy cyclooxygenase-2 and 5-lipoxygenase enzyme activity. A review of 12 human studies indicates that devil's claw may reduce mild pain to promote musculoskeletal comfort and function. dl-Phenylalanine supports enkephalin activity, which impacts pain receptive neurons.* *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. Suggested Use Adults: As a dietary supplement, take 2 capsules, 1-3 times daily, with meals. Warning: This product contains salicylates. Do not take if allergic to aspirin. Do not combine with aspirin or other products containing salicylates. Not to be used by pregnant or lactating women. Not to be used by children (ages 18 and under). Do not take with anticoagulant or antiplatelet drugs. If you have any health condition, particularly stomach problems or ulcers, or are taking any other medications, consult your healthcare professional before use. PHENYLKETONURICS: CONTAINS PHENYLALANINE. If you are pregnant or nursing, please consult your healthcare professional before using this product. Store in a cool, dry place and tightly capped. Keep out of the reach of children. Tamper resistant package, do not use if outer seal is missing. SUPPLEMENT FACTS Serving size: 2 capsulesServings per container: 30 Ingredients Amount %DV White Willow (salix alba) extract (bark) (standardized to contain 15% salicin) 535 mg † Indian Frankincense (boswellia serrata) extract (gum resin) (standardized to contain 70% boswellic acids) 200 mg † 5-LOXIN Boswellia serrata extract Indian frankincense (boswellia serrata) extract (gum resin) (standardized to contain 30% 3-acetyl-11-keto-beta-boswellic acid (AKBA)) 25 mg † Turmeric (curcuma longa) extract (root) (standardized to contain 95% curcuminoids) 100 mg † Devil's Claw extract (root) (Harpagophytum procumbens and Harpagophytum zeyheri) (standardized to contain 5% harpagosides) 300 mg † DL-Phenylalanine (free-form) 120 mg † * % Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet.† Daily Value not established. Other Ingredients: vegetarian capsule (cellulose, water), ascorbyl palmitate. Contains no: artificial additives, allergens, GMOs, environmental contaminants or added excipients.